Freight Forwarder

image

image

image

image

image

image

A freight forwarder, or forwarding agent known as a Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC), is a person or company that organized shipment for individuals or corporations to get goods from the manufacturer or producer to a market, customer or final point of distribution.

A forwarder does not move the goods but acts as an expert in the logistics network. They can use a variety of shipping modes, including:
– Ships
– Airplanes
– Trucks
– Railroads

MIDDLE MAN
MULTI MODA

INTERNATIONAL TRADE

International freight forwarders typically handle international shipments. They have additional expertise in preparing and processing customs and other documentation and performing activities pertaining to international shipments.

Information typically reviewed by a freight forwarder includes:
– Commercial Invoice
– Packing List
– Shipper’s Export Declaration (PEB : Pemberitahuan Ekspor Barang)
– Bill of Lading, or Airway bill.
and other documents required by the carrier or country of export, import, and transshipment. (e.g. Certificate Of Origin, IMO Class, Quarantine Certificate)

image

image

image

image

image

image

Other required documents for arranging international trade:
1. P.O or contract.
2. Methods of payment: Receipt of payment (T/T), L/C, etc.

Forwarder responsibilities included advice on documentation and customs requirements in the country of destination. His correspondent agent overseas looked after his customers’ goods and kept him informed about matters that could affect movement of goods.

BILL OF LADING

What document does freight Forwarder issue?
Freight Forwarder would issue a BILL OF LADING or AIR WAYBILL for the shipments he handles. B/L is NEGOTIABLE in international Trade. While AIR WAYBILL is NOT NEGOTIABLE.

B/L is a document issued by a carrier (or his agent) to acknowledge receipt of cargo for shipment.

image

image

AIR WAYBILL

image

An air waybill is a receipt issued by an international airline for goods and an evidence of the contract of carriage, but is not a document of title to the goods. Hence, the air waybill is non-negotiable. This is stated in the air waybill.

By accepting a shipment an IATA cargo agent is acting on behalf of the carrier whose air waybill is issued.

AWB is 11 digit numbers, the first 3 numbers is the airline code.

image

image

IATA

International Air Transport Association is a trade association of the world’s airlines. It consists of 265 airlines, primarily major carriers, representing 117 countries or 83% of total air traffic.

The IATA supports aviation with global standards for airline safety, security, efficiency. It helps formulate airline industry policy and standards.

IMPORTANT POINTS

Important information we need to pay attention when arranging a shipment. These information we need to put into the documents.
1. Shipper (Seller)
2. Consignee (Buyer), Notify Party
3. POL = Port of Loading. Airfreight: Airport of Departure.
4. POD = Port of Discharge. Airfreight: Airport of Destination.
5. Term of shipment
6. Carrier & moda of transportation. Airfreight: FLIGHT/DATE.
7. Latest shipment date.
8. Presentation of documents within….. days after B/L date.
9. Number and kind of packages.
10. Description of goods.

L/C

image

L/C: Letter of Credit (also known as Documentary Credits), is a letter from a bank guaranteeing the a buyer’s payment to a seller will be received our time and for correct amount. In the event that buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase, the bank will be required to cover the full/remaining amount of the purchase.

L/C is governed by rules promulgated by International Chamber of Commerce known as UCP 600 (Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits).

Because a L/C is typically a negotiable instrument, the issuing bank pays the beneficiary or any bank nominated by the beneficiary.

Issuing bank – – Buyer
Beneficiary bank – – Seller

Rules:
– INCOTERM – – term of shipment.
– UCP 600 – – L/C.

INCOTERM

INCOTERM: International Commercial Term, a.k.a Term of shipment:
EXW = Exworks
FOB = Free On Board
CFR (also known as CNF) = Cost and freight
CIF = Cost, Insurance and Freight
DDU = Delivery Duty Unpaid
DDP = Delivery Duty Paid

RESOURCES: Wikipedia, Investopedia, IATA, letterofcredit.biz

EXAMPLE

Mr. Adi Satria, Sales Manager of PT. Karya Jaya Utama, at Rungkut Industri XXX/309 Surabaya, got an order from:

1. Great Arrows Trading Ltd., 31st Suriya Sekera Street, Colombo, Srilanka. The company’s product is kerosene stove. 1,512 unit kerosene stove into 12 pallets. Gross weight 9,080 kgs. Price per unit (FOB Surabaya) USD 25.00. Using L/C, term of shipment is FOB Surabaya. Surabaya/Colombo. The order would fit into 1 x 40’HQ. Latest shipment date is 5 January 2017.

2. Super Kitchen Ltd., 15th Capt. G. Raiya Rd., Dhaka, Bangladesh. 2,268 unit kerosene stove into 18 pallets. The order would fit into 1×20′ (6 pallets gross weight 4,540kgs) & 1×40’HQ (12 pallets gross weight 9,080 kgs). Using L/C, term of shipment is FOB Surabaya. Latest shipment Date 7 January 2017. Price per unit USD 25.00.

Fellow Farmers

Oh my Fellow Farmers,

Are you still standing still, looking up for the blue sky?

From dawn to dusk — down to the ground;

Climate change and catastrophe (la nina, lightnings, volcano eruptions are just to name),

Negligence,

Capitalistic minus ethic,

… and a ton of turbulence behind and beyond…

My fellows, please show us how to be wise and shake off weariness;

and teach us to relentlessly put good deeds and dodge dreariness.

Inspired by farmers always loss the biggest — Bromo eruption, flood, victim of lightning, negligence & less guarding for farmers today in my country (e.g. such as WTO), a book which inform people how ones could make the higher profitability from a land than the other usages e.g. for farming is less “productive”.

Menjadi Agraris

Foto ini diabadikan di Trawas-Mojokerto, yang terletak di kaki pegunungan Penanggungan, kira-kira 1 jam perjalanan lewat tol — bila sekitar Lapindo tidak macet — ke arah tenggara dari kota Surabaya.

Foto ini diambil sekitar pertengahan September 2008. Kala itu di negeri ini hasil panen benih padi Super Toy cukup banyak yang tak sesuai prediksi, cita-cita awal investasi yang tidak terwujud.

Menjadi Agraris, tidak gampang, salah satu yang tersulit, di tengah-tengah persaingan rimba dunia tanpa penanganan & dukungan yang selayaknya didapatkan. Rimba yang hanya kenal siapa yang kuat & cepat dialah yang menang.

Para petani, petambak, para pande, artisan, dan juga para nelayan, para pelaut adalah esensi negeri. Merekalah yang merangkai sistem agraris, yang melandasi sejarah awal di nusantara ini. Di manakah tempat mereka sekarang di bumi nusantara?

Menjadi agraris itu kaya….

Kaya kesabaran…
kerja seksama dalam penantian panjang
ada saat, ada musim, ada angin
mengolah tanah, menabur, menggarap, menuai

Kaya rasa…
indera mengamati, mencium, meraba, menjejak, mendengar
untuk cermat melakoni petunjuk-penanda alam yg bijak
demi karya agung
ia yang pertama melihat keajaiban alam
tumbuhnya bulir…
tawa syukurnya merekah

Di setiap bulir padi yang tumbuh,
ada ribuan bulir keringat & tetes air mata para petani
panas, hujan, angin, hama, tak kenal lelah tak menyerah
demi bulir-bulir padi
yang kita makan

Indonesia Rose Joins WordPress’ Post-Once-A Week 2011

Hi Everybody,

I’m Posting every week in 2011!

I’ve decided I want to blog more. Rather than just thinking about doing it, I’m starting right now.  I will be posting on this blog once a week for all of 2011.

I know it won’t be easy, but it might be fun, inspiring, awesome and wonderful. Therefore I’m trying to view other bloggers with similar goals, and encouraging them when I can.

If you already read my blog, I hope you’ll encourage me with comments and likes, and good will along the way.

Have a nice day,

nonpolitikalrose

Bila Dignity Berarti

Indonesia,

Negara besar tanpa pemimpin besar,

BILA yang diurus cuma hal-hal elitis,

tanpa menggulirkan ekonomi regional secara sistematis,

sungguh tidak realis.

BILA dibekali otak dan akal budi namun tidak dipakai,

tanpa bikin policy dan regulasi yang benar-benar berarti,

yang ‘kan berujung duit seret tidak berputar di rakyat sendiri,

pun jadi negara yang cuma bergantung pada kondisi luar negeri,

minyak bumi,

dan rejeki nomplok sekali-kali.

Sandang-pangan-papan dan lapangan pekerjaan,

empat bidang basic yang berkaitan dan menentukan,

sungguh-sungguh butuh dipikirkan dan butuh pemuliaan.

BILA rewards yang mau dicari,

urusi dengan teliti hal-hal ini;

Semoga kabinet pemerintahan ~ seterusnya maupun kini,

dipenuhi true gentlemen with dignity.

Arah Langkah

Benarkah Indonesia ~ negara tanpa arah?

tak tahu ke mana harus melangkah,

tenaga rakyatnya terkerah bagai sapi perah,

seakan lari di tempat sampai rebah;

bila sudah mentok ujung-ujungnya cuma pasrah,

pada IMF, pada WTO, dll, total menyerah,

tanpa merasa bersalah, tanpa merasa gegabah,

tinggallah rakyat tertinggal nan berpeluh berkeluh-kesah;

benarkah?